How Drinking Contaminated Water Affects Your Health?

It is quite a well-known fact that clean water is utterly essential for a healthy living. Adequate supply of fresh and clean drinking water is a basic need for all human beings on the earth. Yet it has been observed that millions of people globally are deprived of this.

The freshwater resources all over the globe are in danger not only by over exploitation and poor management but also by ecological degradation. The prime source of freshwater pollution can be attributed to discharge of untreated waste, run-off from agricultural fields and dumping of industrial effluent.

Increasing urbanization, industrial growth and use of synthetic organic substances have adverse and serious impacts on freshwater bodies. The developed countries suffer from problems of chemical discharge into the water sources majorly groundwater, while developing countries face problems of agricultural run-off in water sources. Polluted water due to chemicals in drinking water causes problem to health and leads to water-borne diseases. This can be prevented by taking measures that can be taken even at the household level.  

The effects of drinking contaminated water can be immediate as well as long term. The immediate health effects include nausea, skin rash, vomiting, lung irritation, dizziness, and in some cases, even death. Drinking contaminated water is more likely to cause long term chronic health effects. These effects include liver and kidney damage, cancer, damage to the immune system, disorders of the nervous system, and birth defects. The water that you drink and bathe in can affect your health and well being directly. Exposure to contaminated water can be limited with the help of some type of filtering device or disinfection system. Being exposed to chlorine is not limited to drinking water.

There are numerous other ways as well. Chlorine can be absorbed through the skin while taking a shower or handling cleaning products that contain chlorine. Another way is by breathing the vapors. People who take hot showers in chlorinated water are most prone to chlorine vapors as well as by products of chlorine. Several contaminants vaporize at high temperatures and are breathed straight into your lungs.

Thus, it is important that your local tap water supplier must alert you through the media, mail or other means if there is a potential acute or chronic health effect from compounds in the drinking water. You can also contact the supplier for additional information specific to your area.